INTEGRATED ROUTING AND BRIDGING OVER WAN

Requirement –
I have 2 sites namely Site A and Site B both having own User and Server Zones. Both the sites are connected over Point-to-Point link and communication across User Vlans works fine via routing over WAN (Static Routes).But applications in Server Vlan across sites are required to be on same IP Subnet (a common Layer 2 Broadcast domain). To summarize, the proposed solution should provide –
1. Routing across WAN links for USER-USER Layer 3 communication.
2. Bridging across WAN Links for SERVER-SERVER Layer 2 Communications.
Scenario 1

In Scenario-1, The WAN (PTP) link terminates on Router at both the sites.
Scenario 2


In Scenario-2, The WAN (PTP) link terminates on L3 Switches at both the sites.

PROPOSED SOLUTION

IRB (Integrated Routing and Bridging) will be incorporated in this scenario to provide both the Routing and switching functionality.
Note: -To keep things simple, routers will play the role of all endpoints i.e. as servers (R1,R5) or laptop/pc users (R2,R6).

SOLUTION SCENARIO 1

(PTP WAN Link termination on WAN Routers)

R1 –
Interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.15.1 255.255.255.0

R2 –
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.23.3
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0

R3 –
bridge irb
# Configure IRB (Integrated Routing and Bridging) to get both the routing and Bridging on R3 Router)#
bridge 1 protocol ieee
# Configure bridge protocol#
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
no ip address
bridge-group 1
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
ip address 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
!
interface FastEthernet1/0
no ip address
!
interface FastEthernet1/0.1
encapsulation dot1Q 1 native
bridge-group 1
!
interface FastEthernet1/0.2
encapsulation dot1Q 2
ip address 192.168.34.3 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.34.4

R4 –
bridge irb
bridge 1 protocol ieee
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
no ip address
bridge-group 1
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
ip address 192.168.46.4 255.255.255.0
!
interface FastEthernet1/0
no ip address
!
interface FastEthernet1/0.1
encapsulation dot1Q 1 native
bridge-group 1
!
interface FastEthernet1/0.2
encapsulation dot1Q 2
ip address 192.168.34.4 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.34.3

R5 –
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.15.5 255.255.255.0

R6 –
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.46.6 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.46.4

Acceptance Criteria –
R1#ping 192.168.15.5
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.15.5, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 24/59/88 ms

R2#ping 192.168.46.6
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.46.6, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 28/60/100 ms

———————————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

SOLUTION SCENARIO 2

 

(PTP WAN Link termination on L3 Switches Switches)

R1 –
Interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.15.1 255.255.255.0

R2 –
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.23.3
!
Interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0

SW3 –
Interface gigabitethernet1/0/1
switchport
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 1
!
interface gigabitethernet1/0/2
switchport
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 2
!
interface FastEthernet1/0/3
switchport
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,3
switchport mode trunk
# Configure trunk link on WAN PTP link and allow both the Vlans 1 and 3 #.
!
interface Vlan 2
ip address 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
!
interface Vlan 3
ip address 192.168.34.3 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.34.4

SW4 –
Interface gigabitethernet1/0/1
switchport
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 1
!
Interface gigabitethernet1/0/2
switchport
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 2
!
Interface FastEthernet1/0/3
switchport
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,2
switchport mode trunk
!
interface Vlan 2
ip address 192.168.46.4 255.255.255.0
!
interface Vlan 3
ip address 192.168.34.4 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.34.3

R5 –
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.15.5 255.255.255.0

R6 –
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.46.6 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.46.4

Acceptance Criteria –

R1#ping 192.168.15.5
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.15.5, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 24/59/88 ms

R2#ping 192.168.46.6
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.46.6, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 28/60/100 ms

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