LDAP vs AD – Difference between LDAP & Active Directory

LDAP

LDAP (abbreviation for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is an open standard, vendor agnostic, industry standard protocol for retrieving and maintaining directory information services over IP network.

Also that LDAP is a protocol which defines the “language” used for client programs to talk to servers (and servers to servers, too). LDAP is a way of speaking to Active Directory.

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AD

AD (Active Directory) is a directory service developed by Microsoft and provides a number of network-related services using standardized protocols. AD optionally support Kerberos based authentication and supports LDAP versions 2 and 3. Also, it provides DNS based services.

Related – What is Tree in Active Directory

Active Directory provides the ability for the administrator to manage the administration and security tasks from a central location. It stores all information and configuration details in a centralized database.AD manages Windows devices through Group Policy Objects (GPOs).

It is a centralized hierarchical directory database which contains information of all user accounts in the network.

 KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LDAP AND AD –

PARAMETERLDAPAD
Abbreviation for
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
Active Directory
Philosophy
An application protocol for querying and modifying items in directory service providers like Active Directory, which supports a form of LDAP.
Active Directory is a database based system that provides authentication, directory, policy, and other services in a Windows environment. It is a centralized hierarchical directory database which contains information of all user accounts in the network.
Functionality
LDAP is one of the protocols you can use to communicate with Active directory
AD is a directory services database
Standard
LDAP is a standard
AD is Microsoft's proprietary
Supported platforms
Focused on the Linux / Unix environment.
Microsoft’s AD is largely a directory for Windows users, devices, and applications

Download the difference table here.

 

 

 

 

Related – Active Directory vs Domain Controller

 

Know more about LDAP –

Know more about Active Directory Concepts –

 

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