RIP V1 vs V2
In this article, we will discuss RIP v1 and V2 difference. With the advent of technology, new features and updates started arriving in networking protocols. Same is what happened to RIP protocol (a distance vector routing protocol running Bellman-Ford algorithm). Initially, RIP was introduced under RFC 1058 and then came advanced version – RIP v2. RIP v2 had additional features which helped support customers and network administrators in deployment, offloaded hosts not participating in routing and enhanced security.
Related- RIP Cheatsheet
Good thing is that RIPv2 facility full interoperability with RIP v1.
In order to make the similarity between RIP v1 and v2 clear below table shares their commonality in terms of various routing-related parameters –
|PARAMETER||RIP v1 and RIP v2 similarity|
|Routing protocol||Distance vector
|Path Metric||Hop count
|Hop count limit||15|
|Protocol||UDP port 520|
|Paths to be load balanced||4 by default and 6 maximum
|Timers||Update - 30
Invalid - 180
Hold down - 180
Flush - 240
|Routing Entries in RIP Update packet||25|
Download the table here.
Now that commonality between RIP v1 and v2 is clear, moving further, we will understand how both versions of RIP differ in reference to various features and parameters –
RIP V1 vs RIP V2
|PARAMETER||RIP v1||RIP v2|
|RFC||RFC 1058||RFC 1721,1722 and 2453
|Routing update address||Broadcast (255.255.255.255)||Multicast (126.96.36.199)
|Subnet mask||Does not send subnet mask information with routing update||Sends subnet mask information with routing update
|Discontiguous network||Not Supported||Supported|
Download the difference table here.
Related- RIP Interview Questions