Basics of Nexus VDC

In Datacenter environment, we have separate zones and placing physical devices for each zone isn’t feasible. Hence Cisco NEXUS delivered a solution (called VDC – Virtual Device Context) by giving privilege of dividing a single physical Nexus switch into two or more logical switches that can act as independent switches and also have separate administration and operational capability. VDCs also virtualize the control plane, such as the routing information base (RIB) and the routing protocols. VDC are supported on Nexus 7K platform.

Merits and Demerits of VDCs are listed as below –


When we create a VDC certain resources are shared among VDCs while the other resources are dedicated to the VDC.

There are 3 types of resources basically:

  1. Global Resources: Resources that are allocated, set or configured globally for all VDCs for the master VDC are referred to as Global Resources i.e. boot image configuration, CoPP.
  2. Dedicated Resources: Resources that are allocated to a particular VDC are referred to as dedicated resources. Example L2, L3 ports, VLANs, IP address.
  3. Shared Resources: Some resources are shared between VDCs for example OOB Ethernet mgmt. port.

The number of VDC that we can create on a Nexus switch depends on the supervisor model.

  • SUP1 module: 3 non-default VDC & 1 default VDC or 4 non-default VDC and one admin VDC.
  • SUP2 module: 4 non default VDCs and 1 admin VDC.
  • SUP2E module: 8 non default VDC and 1 admin VDC.

Following are the VDC types that are supported in Nexus:

  • Default VDC
  • Admin VDC
  • Non –Default VDC
  • Storage VDC

In the next post we will discuss about the different VDC types listed above and the VDC configuration rule types.

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