Patch Cable vs Ethernet Cable – Download Detailed Comparison Table

Rashmi Bhardwaj | Blog,Hardware, Infrastructure & Design

patch cable vs ethernet cable

What is a patch cable?

This word has been taken from keyword “patch in”, ie to “patch” a signal from one hub/switch, or router to another hub/switch, or router for signalling and traffic flow.

Patch cable can also be used to connect the patch panel to switch or a hub. Patch cables are often used for short distances in offices and wiring closets.

Ethernet patch cable can link a computer to a network hub or a router which is useful for constructing home computer networks.


What is an Ethernet Patch cable?

Ethernet is basically a protocol, which defines how bits of information travel over a particular medium (medium can be Copper, Fiber or Coaxial). The cable such as fibre optic cable, twisted pair or coaxial cable.

In most cases, in Ethernet cable vs patch cable, both are more or less same, however, the former refers to the flow of information across locations while latter is usually for shorter distance i.e. “patch” from the patch panel to switch.

Related – Ethernet Loopback Cable with RJ45 Connector

The reason for shorter distance supported by patch cables is because they are stranded for flexibility and attenuation is higher which leads to shorter distance support to signal.

Another significant difference Patch cable vs Ethernet Cable is that Patch cables have connectors at both ends for terminating different types of devices while Ethernet cables may not have connectors and could terminate devices directly on their inbuilt interfaces.

Patch Cable vs Ethernet Cable

Below table clearly elaborates the comparison on Patch Cable vs Ethernet Cable –

Patch cable is required for connecting Router or Switch through the patch panel. It is mostly used in wiring or office closets
Ethernet cables are required to connect devices over long distances (Copper or Fiber)
Smaller than a general purpose Ethernet Cable.
Mostly longer than patch cables.
Can be for –
coaxial cables
Ethernet Cables
Optical Fiber cables
Can be for –
coaxial cables
Ethernet Cables
Optical Fiber cables
Connectors at both ends of patch cable
May not have connectors at both ends and could be terminated on the device directly.
Patch cable is stranded for flexibility and attenuation (signal loss) is higher on patch cords than solid cable
Since Ethernet cables are structured, hence experience less attenuation compared to Patch cables, therefore used for longer distance.

Download the difference table here.





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