What is virtual IP (Virtual IP Address) in JUNOS?

Rashmi Bhardwaj | Blog,BUZZ,Security

Virtual IP (Virtual IP Address) 

In JUNOS ScreenOS, VIP  maps one external IP address and port to multiple IP addresses and ports. And also It can translate an external port with different internal ports. Based on the destination port number in the TCP or UDP segment VIP addresses map traffic received at one IP address to another address. Suppose if you have only one public IP address available, and want to host multiple servers, then VIP comes to play. VIP addresses the requirement of multiple private IP addresses with one public IP address. VIP is also called port forwarding.

As opposed to VIP , an MIP should be used when we have multiple public IP addresses, and want to host a single server to a single public IP.

Example Scenario of VIP as Port Forwarding

The below scenario will help understand the concept of VIP and its configuration –


The customer has a secured set up in the HUB site and wants its mobile users over the Internet to access the Web Server, Mail Server, and FTP Server for Business-related work. Now, NetScreen Box at the HUB site will follow the following approach of NAT (VIP) such that requests for any of HTTP, FTP SMTP lands on the same Global IP, however, translates to Local IP address based on the destination port.

  • An HTTP packet destined for (that is, IP address and port 80) will get mapped to a webserver at
  • An FTP packet destined for will get mapped to an FTP server at
  • An SMTP packet destined for will get mapped to a mail server at
  • The destination IP addresses are the same. The destination port numbers determine the host to which the security device forwards traffic

Virtual IP Forwarding Table


Note – Below configuration will be performed only for Web Server IP –> for FTP and SMTP can be created by taking Web Server VIP configuration as reference.

WebUI Configuration on ScreenOS 


Network > Interfaces >Edit (for ethernet1): Enter the following, then click Apply:
Zone Name: Trust
Static IP: (select this option when present)
IP Address/Netmask:
Select the following, then click OK
Interface Mode: NAT
Network > Interfaces > Edit (for ethernet3): Enter the following, then click OK
Zone Name: Untrust
Static IP: (select this option when present)
IP Address/Netmask:          [/su_note

2. VIP

Network > Interfaces > Edit (for ethernet3) > VIP: Enter the following
address, then click Add:
Virtual IP Address:
Network > Interfaces > Edit (for ethernet3) > VIP > New VIP Service: Enter
the following, then click OK:
Virtual IP:
Virtual Port: 80
Map to Service: HTTP (80)
Map to IP:   


Policies > (From: Untrust, To: Trust) New: Enter the following, then click OK
Source Address:
Address Book Entry: (select), ANY
Destination Address:
Address Book Entry: (select), VIP(
Service: HTTP
Action: Permit     


CLI Configuration on Screenos


set interface ethernet1 zone trust
set interface ethernet1 IP12.1.1.1/24
set interface ethernet1 NAT
set interface ethernet3 zone untrust
set interface ethernet3 IP    [/su_note

2. VIP

set interface ethernet3 VIP 80 http   



set policy from UNTRUST to trust any vip( http permit

Continue Reading:

Difference between IP Address and Port Number

Private IP Address vs Public IP Address


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